The Top 5 Vegetable Varieties for Small-Scale Farming

If you're an aspiring small-scale farmer, experienced market gardeners, home grower or anything between… Growing your own vegetables can be a rewarding and sustainable way to provide fresh produce for yourself, your community, or even as a business venture. 

However, with so many vegetable varieties available, it can be challenging to decide which ones to cultivate on limited land. To help you make informed choices, we've compiled a list of the top five vegetable varieties for small-scale farming. Whether you have a back garden or a small plot of land, these vegetables are well-suited for efficient growth and high yields. Let's dive in!

  1. Cherry Tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum):

Cherry tomatoes are a fantastic option for small-scale farming. They are compact, indeterminate plants that can be grown in containers, raised beds, or even hanging baskets, making them ideal for limited spaces. These miniature tomatoes pack a punch with their sweet, tangy flavour and vibrant colours, appealing to both children and adults. With proper care, cherry tomatoes can produce a continuous harvest throughout the growing season, ensuring a steady supply of delicious, nutritious fruit.

Whilst they will require a polytunnel or greenhouse environment to extend their growing season, indeterminate types can utilise vertical growing and the use of trellising systems such as the Qlipr System allows you to maximise yield whatever height you have.

  • Salad Greens (Lactuca sativa):

  • Salad greens, such as lettuce, rocket, and spinach, are excellent choices for small-scale farming due to their quick growth cycle and high demand. These leafy greens thrive in various growing conditions, from containers to raised beds, and can be harvested multiple times during the growing season, thanks to their cut-and-come-again nature. 

    With a diverse range of textures, flavours, and colours, salad greens offer a versatile and nutritious addition to any meal. Plus, they can be sold as whole heads or as pre-packaged mixed salad greens, providing flexibility for market sales.

    Plus the ability to cut these greens quickly makes them a very efficient crop to harvest using the Greens Cut Harvester.

  • Courgette (Cucurbita pepo):

  • Courgette, also known as zucchini, is a high-yielding vegetable that thrives in small-scale farming environments. These fast-growing, bushy plants produce an abundance of tender, green fruits that can be harvested at various sizes, from baby courgettes to larger ones. With their versatility in the kitchen, courgettes can be enjoyed grilled, sautéed, baked, or used in soups and stir-fries. 

    Their popularity among health-conscious consumers and their ability to adapt to different growing conditions make them an excellent choice for small-scale farmers. Plus there are far more available than just the green straight ones you find in a supermarket.. Yellow varieties or french round varieties are an exciting addition to a veg box or market stall.

  • Carrots (Daucus carota):

  • Carrots are a staple vegetable that can be successfully grown on a small-scale farm. With their long, slender roots and vibrant orange colour, carrots are visually appealing and offer a crisp, sweet flavour when harvested at the right time. Plus the purple variety is extremely attractive. 

    They can be grown in raised beds or containers, making them suitable for small spaces. Carrots also have a long shelf life, making them a popular choice for both fresh consumption and storage. Additionally, their versatility in the kitchen, from salads to soups, ensures a steady demand from consumers.

    Find out more about where carrot seeds come from here.

    You can speed up the seeding, germination and remove the need for thinning crops like carrots by using a precision seeder like the Jang Seeders.

  • Dwarf Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris):

  • Dwarf beans, also known as bush beans, are a compact and productive vegetable variety ideal for small-scale farming. Unlike pole beans that require trellising, dwarf beans grow in a bushy manner, saving space and reducing the need for additional support structures. 

    These beans are easy to grow and produce a bountiful harvest of tender pods that are flavorful and versatile in cooking. Whether you prefer green beans, yellow wax beans, or even purple varieties, dwarf beans offer a range of colours and flavours to suit every palate. 

    Their short maturity period means you can enjoy a quick turnaround from planting to harvest, allowing for multiple planting cycles throughout the growing season. With their compact growth habit and abundant yields, dwarf beans are a smart choice for small-scale farmers looking for efficiency and productivity.

    A top tip when producing a lot of bush beans.. Try the purple variety, they are much quicker to see when harvesting.


    When it comes to small-scale farming, selecting the right vegetable varieties is crucial for maximising productivity and space utilisation. The top five vegetable varieties mentioned above, including cherry tomatoes, salad greens, courgettes, carrots, and dwarf beans, offer excellent options for small-scale farmers. These vegetables are well-suited to limited spaces, providing high yields, quick growth cycles, and versatility in the kitchen.

    Remember to consider factors such as market demand, personal preference, and local growing conditions when deciding which vegetables to cultivate. Additionally, don't hesitate to experiment with different varieties to find the ones that perform best in your specific environment.

    By choosing these top vegetable varieties, you can embark on a rewarding journey of small-scale farming, providing yourself and your community with fresh, nutritious produce while enjoying the satisfaction of cultivating your own food.

    Happy farming and happy harvesting!

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